What Are Some Examples of Rheumatic Diseases? This is the most common what is rheumatic arthritis of arthritis, affecting an estimated 27 million adults in the United States. Osteoarthritis affects both the cartilage, which is the tissue that cushions the ends of bones within the joint, as well as the underlying bone. In osteo-arthritis, there is damage to the cartilage, which begins to fray and may wear away entirely.
There is also damage to the bond stock of the joint. Osteoarthritis can cause joint pain and stiffness. This inflammatory disease of the immune system targets first the synovium, or lining of the joint, resulting in pain, stiffness, swelling, joint damage, and loss of function of the joints. This symmetry helps distinguish rheumatoid arthritis from other forms of the disease. 6 percent of the U. This disease is the most common form of arthritis in childhood, causing pain, stiffness, swelling, and loss of function of the joints. This condition may be associated with rashes or fevers and may affect -various parts of the body.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder that -causes pain throughout the tissues that support and move the bones and joints. Pain, stiffness, and localized tender points occur in the muscles and tendons, particularly those of the neck, spine, shoulders, and hips. Patients also may experience fatigue and sleep disturbances. Fibromyalia affects millions of adults in the United States. This can result in inflammation of and damage to the joints, skin, kidneys, heart, lungs, blood vessels, and brain. By conservative estimates, lupus affects about 150,000 people.
Also known as systemic sclerosis, scleroderma means literally “hard skin. The disease affects the skin, blood vessels, and joints. It may also affect internal organs, such as the lungs and kidneys. This group of rheumatic diseases principally affects the spine.
One common form ankylosing spondylitis also may affect the hips, shoulders, and knees. The tendons and -ligaments around the bones and joints become inflamed, resulting in pain and stiffness. Ankylosing spondylitis tends to affect people in late adolescence or early adulthood. Reactive arthritis, sometimes called Reiters syndrome, is another spondyloarthropathy.