While injuries can up osteoarthritis risk, daily wear and tear also promotes joint degeneration, especially if you’re carrying extra pounds. 163 0 16 0s16 7. 813 0 0 1 . 696 treatment of arthritis pain 0 0 1.
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When joint cartilage wears away, bone rubs against bone, causing osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis seriously impairs the quality of life for 27 million Americans. The best remedy—maintaining a healthy weight, and losing weight if necessary—is not the easiest. Still, every pound you pare off means 4 pounds less pressure on your knees, says Laura Robbins, senior vice president of education and academic affairs at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City. Some people will see their symptoms disappear if they lose 10 to 20 pounds, says Roy Altman, MD, a rheumatologist and professor of medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles.
Physical activity is essential for people with osteoarthritis, whether it means walking around your apartment if you’re a fragile older person or swimming laps if you’re in better shape. People used to think that exercise made arthritis worse, but the opposite is true—unless you’re pounding the pavement. Runners with knee osteoarthritis should cut down on mileage, try to cross-train, and run on softer surfaces like tracks and dirt paths. It’s not helpful in everybody. There is some evidence that suggests that glucosamine alleviates arthritis pain, but the type of glucosamine matters.