In some types other organs are also affected. Treatment for severe arthritis pain can be gradual or sudden. There are over 100 types of arthritis.
Osteoarthritis usually occurs with age and affects the fingers, knees, and hips. Treatment may include resting the joint and alternating between applying ice and heat. Weight loss and exercise may also be useful. Osteoarthritis affects more than 3. Overall the disease becomes more common with age. Arthritis is a common reason that people miss work and can result in a decreased quality of life.
There are several diseases where joint pain is primary, and is considered the main feature. Joint pain can also be a symptom of other diseases. Pain, which can vary in severity, is a common symptom in virtually all types of arthritis. Arthritic disorders like lupus and rheumatoid arthritis can affect other organs in the body, leading to a variety of symptoms. It is common in advanced arthritis for significant secondary changes to occur.
These changes, in addition to the primary symptoms, can have a huge impact on quality of life. More than 20 million individuals with arthritis have severe limitations in function on a daily basis. Arthritis can make it very difficult for individuals to be physically active and some become home bound. Diagnosis is made by clinical examination from an appropriate health professional, and may be supported by other tests such as radiology and blood tests, depending on the type of suspected arthritis.
Pain patterns may differ depending on the arthritides and the location. Elements of the history of the disorder guide diagnosis. Important features are speed and time of onset, pattern of joint involvement, symmetry of symptoms, early morning stiffness, tenderness, gelling or locking with inactivity, aggravating and relieving factors, and other systemic symptoms. Physical examination may confirm the diagnosis, or may indicate systemic disease. Radiographs are often used to follow progression or help assess severity.
Screening blood tests are indicated if certain arthritides are suspected. Osteoarthritis begins in the cartilage and eventually causes the two opposing bones to erode into each other. The condition starts with minor pain during physical activity, but soon the pain can be continuous and even occur while in a state of rest. The pain can be debilitating and prevent one from doing some activities. Osteoarthritis typically affects the weight-bearing joints, such as the back, knee and hip. Unlike rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis is most commonly a disease of the elderly.
More than 30 percent of women have some degree of osteoarthritis by age 65. Risk factors for osteoarthritis include prior joint trauma, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle. The attack is not only directed at the joint but to many other parts of the body. RA occurs mostly in people aged 20 and above. With earlier diagnosis and aggressive treatment, many individuals can lead a better quality of life than if going undiagnosed for long after RA’s onset.