Thumb joint pain

Grasp the thumb and pull it away from the palm as shown. Repeat two stretches, thumb joint pain times a day.

Use 2 fingers and pinch a clothes pin or chip clip. Repeat 10 times, three times per day. Expand a rubber band wrapped around your fingers. 10 repetitions, three times per day. Roll up some putty to create a small tubular section. Perform two sets of 10 pinches, three times a day.

Repeat 10 times, three times a day. Thumb joint pain is a highly discomforting and distressing symptom. It leaves a person perplexed, when it comes to performing even trivial daily activities, like brushing, writing, and so on. Thus, apart from its help in gripping objects, the thumb is an important part of our social life too. Hence, thumb pain or inability to use the thumb greatly loosens the grip on our daily routine. Due to the short length of the thumb and an innate human reflex to protect it, there are relatively few situations, where the thumb is actually injured. Thumb joint pain can be due to traumatic as well as degenerative causes.

Sports injuries are a special type of thumb injuries, and can be due to an acute cause or repetitive use over a prolonged period. These injuries not only affect the career profile of a player, but can sometimes force a player to take premature retirement from the game as well. Hence, thumb injuries, or rather any type of thumb joint pain, should not be taken lightly. Traumatic causes of thumb joint pain can be separated into fractures, dislocations, and ligament injuries. Generally, these are due to a sudden forceful movement of the thumb and are associated with severe thumb joint pain and swelling of the entire hand and wrist. Even a slight touch or movement of the thumb in any direction elicits thumb pain. A common sign of a thumb fracture is the presence of a clicking sensation in the thumb, which remains positive even in untreated old fractures of the thumb.

It causes severe thumb joint pain, instability, and swelling. It is a rare thumb injury, but nearly always requires surgical treatment. Thumb joint pain may persist for months after this injury, due to premature thumb arthritis, even after surgical  treatment. They do not cause severe symptoms, are less common, and respond well to non-surgical treatment options. A fall on the thumb, which stretches the thumb sideways, is responsible for a UCL injury. Thumb joint pain, swelling, instability and severe bruising at the base of the thumb are some characteristic signs of a thumb ligament injury, which are mainly due to rupture of blood vessels along with the ligament. Untreated or neglected injuries can even progress to a compartment syndrome, which necessitates amputation of the entire hand.

Hence, appropriate medical care should be sought as early as possible ! When it occurs along with a fracture, it is called a fracture-dislocation of the thumb. Dislocation can occur at either of the joints, but is more common at the CMC joint at the base of the thumb, due to the innate reflexive response discussed above. An isolated dislocation of the thumb generally leads to restricted thumb movements, rather than the thumb joint instability, that occurs in other injuries of the thumb.

Thumb joint pain is felt typically on attempting to move the thumb, and there is considerably less swelling, because the joint capsule of the thumb, which is the actual site of injury, is less vascular and also less sensitive to pain. With changing lifestyle and technology, several new gadgets are being introduced, which cause thumb injury in a subtle manner. The most popular gadget in this regard, is a QWERTY keypad cellphone, which is very common among teenagers. The addictive fad of text messaging among teenagers and their ignorance towards its ill effects frequently takes a toll of their thumbs at a tender age. Apart from cellphones, the very keyboard, which we use for typing on our computer is no way inferior in insulting the thumb, and cause thumb joint pain similar to that seen in De Quervain’s tenosynovitis. This is especially applicable for those, who have learned typing or who type for professional needs, by using both hands simultaneously and not for an amateur typist, who types one letter after the other.