Pain in finger joint and swelling

Finger Joint Pain, Causes and treatments for finger pain conditions. Is finger joint pain making your every day activities difficult? Pain in finger joint and swelling causes and treatment recommendations for finger pain conditions.

Our hands are vitally important to the activities we do every day. Finger joint pain can mean limited ability to do simple things like open a jar, write a letter, or use a fork and knife can be limited and painful. What are the potential causes of finger pain? Could you have finger arthritis? What can you do to minimize pain and improve everyday function?

The fingers are comprised of series of bones, tendons, and legaments all working together to create functioning joints. Ligaments connect one bone to the other, helping to form the joints of the hand. Flexor tendons on the palm side of the hand work during gripping activities and extensor tendons straighten the fingers. The inter workings of the bones, ligaments, and tendons make the hand one of the most complex regions of the body. Unfortunately there are a variety of sources for finger joint pain. Causes of finger pain can include joint conditions, overuse, and trauma.

In severe cases, deformities of the hand can make everyday function quite difficult and painful. In severe RA of the hands, a deformity termed ulnar drift can occur in which the fingers begin to all deviate toward the pinky side of the hand. Like other joints in the body, the joints of the hand and fingers are lined with a thin cartilage called articular cartilage. Excessive use of the hands can cause a thinning of this cartilage and lead to inflammation of the joints. This inflammation leads to joint stiffness, swelling, redness, and pain. This condition is neurological in nature and is caused by the pinching of the median nerve as it travels through the carpal tunnel. Although activities can aggravate the condition it is often associated with an anatomically narrow carpal tunnel.

Pain, numbness, and weakness in the thumb and first two fingers are the most common symptoms with this condition. This condition is a type of tendonitis. Fingers flex via tendons, located on the palm side of the hand, that connect to muscles in the forearm. With repetitive gripping activities the tendons can swell.

Because the sheath that surrounds the tendon does not stretch as the tendon swells, the tendon can get stuck, specifically with the finger in a flexed position. A final cause of finger joint pain is trauma. Numerous types of injuries can create finger pain. Generally the ligaments, tendons, or bones are the injured tissues.