Osteoarthritis the spine

This overview includes osteoarthritis symptoms and options for osteoarthritis treatment. Enter the terms you wish to search for. Arthritis osteoarthritis the spine the most common cause of low back pain, especially in people over age 50. The low back contains five sets of facet joints, one on the left and one on the right side of each spinal bone.

Like joints in any other part of the body the low back facet joints can be injured, or become inflamed. Lumbar osteoarthritis is a form of degenerative arthritis in the low back that causes pain, stiffness, and inflammation. This article provides a full review of the cause of spinal arthritis, its symptoms, as well as how to get an accurate diagnosis. Arthritis is a general term that means swelling of a joint. The word arthritis comes from a combination of the Greek «arthros,» meaning a joint and «-itis,» meaning inflammation. The facets are the only joints in the spine. Spinal arthritis therefore means inflammation of the spinal facet joints.

Arthritis of the spine usually occurs due to internal damage to the facet joints. The surfaces of the facet joints are lined with smooth cartilage to allow for movement as the two sides of the joint rub against one another. When the cartilage on one side get chipped, torn, or damaged then every time the spine moves the injured cartilage gouges its neighbor, causing further injury. This damage to the joint results in friction, and ultimately inflammation. This signal then causes the back muscles to go into spasm.

Video: What Is Your Back Muscle Spasm Telling You? The combination of the muscle spasm and inflammation of the joints causes low back pain. The spinal facet joints in the lower back are prone to developing osteoarthritis. The joints are quite small compared to the amount of body weight they bear. The resulting stress and strain makes them susceptible to damage to the cartilage, and injury. The accumulation of injuries over a lifetime causes the joints to break down, or degenerate. Facet joint breakdown also comes as a result of torn discs.

Discs act as shock absorbers for the spine. They have a tough outer part, and a soft inner part. The soft inner part absorbs the shock. But the hard outer part can tear due to degeneration or even injury.

The torn discs don’t absorb stress and strain very well, which leads to excessive force being transmitted to the facet joints. The degenerative process is similar to what happens in a car. If the shocks go out and aren’t replaced, the next thing that happens is the springs break. In the lower back, once the torn disc stops absorbing the stresses and strain of everyday life, the facet joints go out next. Once the facet joints are injured they become inflamed, swell, cause muscle spasm, and the back pain cycle begins.

Sciatica is leg pain caused by a problem in the low back. Leg Pain and Numbness: What Might These Symptoms Mean? It occurs when the cartilage or cushion between joints breaks down leading to pain, stiffness and swelling. The most common symptoms of osteoarthritis are stiffness, particularly first thing in the morning or after resting, and pain. Affected joints may get swollen after extended activity.

Osteoarthritis has no specific cause. Several factors lead to the development of OA including excess weight, injury or overuse and genes, among others. The diagnosis of osteoarthritis includes a medical history and a physical examination. OA treatment options include weight management, physical activity, medications, joint replacement surgery and a variety of other techniques. Maybe you overdid it cleaning the house or sprucing up your garden this weekend. Which OA Pain Reliever Works Best?

One of the benefits of modern medicine is the large selection of pain relievers available. Experts have long recommended tai chi as a low-impact workout that’s gentle on the joints. 526 0 0 0 1. 51 0 0 0 2. 515 0 0 0 3.