Osteoarthritis Pictures: Which Joints Are at Risk? How Can You Prevent It? Delve into the causes, symptoms, and pain relief treatments of osteoarthritis, also called «wear osteoarthritis symptom tear» arthritis or degenerative joint disease. Responsive Channel Content 3 Column Template_091e9c5e813ec926_tmodules_css_535.
Turmeric: Health Remedy in Your Spice Rack? Why Are Women Still Dying From Childbirth? This can cause discomfort when you use the affected joints — perhaps an ache when you bend at the hips or knees, or sore fingers when you type. Most people over 60 have some degree of OA, but it also affects people in their 20s and 30s. The symptoms of osteoarthritis tend to develop slowly.
You may notice pain or soreness when you move certain joints or when you’ve been inactive for a prolonged period. The affected joints may also be stiff or creaky. Typically, osteoarthritis leads to morning stiffness that resolves in 30 minutes. When osteoarthritis affects the hands, some people develop bony enlargements in the fingers, which may or may not cause pain. Osteoarthritis: Where Does It Hurt? In most cases, osteoarthritis develops in the weight-bearing joints of the knees, hips, or spine.
It’s also common in the fingers. Other joints such as the elbow, wrist, and ankle are usually not affected, unless an injury is involved. Every joint comes with a natural shock absorber in the form of cartilage. This firm, rubbery material cushions the ends of the bones and reduces friction in healthy joints.
In general, as we age our joints become stiffer and cartilage can become more vulnerable to wear and tear. At the same time, repetitive use of the joints over the years irritates the cartilage. If it deteriorates enough, bone rubs against bone, causing pain and reducing range of motion. One of the major risk factors for osteoarthritis is something none of us can control — getting older.
Gender also plays a role. Over age 50, more women than men develop osteoarthritis. In most cases, the condition results from normal wear and tear over the years. But some people have a genetic defect or joint abnormality that makes them more vulnerable.
Because injured joints are more vulnerable to osteoarthritis, doing anything that damages the joints can raise your risk. This includes sports that have a high rate of injury and jobs that require repetitive motion, such as bending the knees to install flooring. Obesity is another risk factor — it has been linked specifically to osteoarthritis of the hands, knees and hips. Osteoarthritis affects each person differently.
Some people have few symptoms despite the deterioration of their joints. Others experience pain and stiffness that may interfere with daily activities. If bony knobs develop in the small joints of the fingers, tasks such as buttoning a shirt can become difficult. Osteoarthritis of the knees or hips can lead to a limp. To help your doctor make an accurate diagnosis, you’ll need to describe your symptoms in detail, including the location and frequency of any pain.
Your doctor will examine the affected joints and may order X-rays or other imaging studies to see how much damage there is, and to rule out other joint conditions. Your doctor may suggest doing blood tests to rule out other forms of arthritis. Unlike rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis does not affect the body’s organs or cause illness. But it can lead to deformities that take a toll on mobility. There is no treatment to stop the erosion of cartilage in the joints, but there are ways to improve joint function.