Osteoarthritis knee risk factor

Based on previous OA guidelines and a systematic review of the OA literature, 29 osteoarthritis knee risk factor modalities were considered for recommendation. Tufts Medical Center, Boston, USA. Medline, EMBASE, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were initially searched in first quarter 2012 and last searched in March 2013.

To provide recommendations for individuals with a range of health profiles and OA burden, treatment recommendations were stratified into four clinical sub-phenotypes. UCLA Appropriateness Method and Delphi voting process. 10 risk and benefit scores. These evidence-based consensus recommendations provide guidance to patients and practitioners on treatments applicable to all individuals with knee OA, as well as therapies that can be considered according to individualized patient needs and preferences.

2014 Osteoarthritis Research Society International. Read about knee pain causes, symptoms, and treatment. Plus get tips on preventing knee injuries. Stretching and strengthening exercises may also prevent knee pain. Understand Chronic and Acute knee pain symptoms and signs. Click Like, and we’ll send the latest first aid and health features to your News Feed. Be the first to know the latest in health information.

Any activity that could injure the knee is a risk factor for developing knee pain. Doing strenuous athletic activity without proper warm-up can increase risk for knee pain. The major complication of knee pain is inadequate mobility and ability to walk. Long-term knee pain that is caused by diseases of the knee joint can lead to permanent damage to the knee and loss of function. Knee pain has a host of causes. Many types of pain are difficult to prevent, but you can do some general things to reduce the likelihood of sustaining a knee injury.

Keeping your weight down may also reduce the number of ligament and tendon injuries for similar reasons. Many knee problems are due to tight or imbalanced musculature. Stretching and strengthening, therefore, also help to prevent knee pain. Stretching keeps your knee from being too tight and aids in preventing both patellofemoral syndrome and iliotibial band syndrome. If you have chronic knee pain, consider swimming or water exercises. In water, the force of buoyancy supports some of our weight so our knees do not have to. If you don’t have access to a pool or do not enjoy water activities, at least try to limit hard pounding and twisting activities such as basketball, tennis, or jogging.

You may find that your aching knees will act up if you play basketball or tennis every day but will not if you limit your pounding sports to twice a week. Whatever you do, respect and listen to your body. If it hurts, change what you are doing. Wearing proper protection for the activity at hand can help avoid knee injuries. When playing volleyball or when laying carpet, protecting your knees may include knee pads.

When driving, knee protection may include wearing a seat belt to avoid the knee-versus-dashboard injuries as well as injuries to other parts of your body. Medically reviewed by Aimee V. Emergency department evaluation and treatment of knee and leg injuries. 1 Feb 2000: 67-84, v-vi.