WebMD managing arthritis different types of arthritis, their symptoms, diagnosis, possible causes, and treatment. Responsive Channel Content 3 Column Template_091e9c5e813ec926_tmodules_css_535. Turmeric: Health Remedy in Your Spice Rack? Why Are Women Still Dying From Childbirth?
Inflammation that lasts for a very long time or recurs, as in arthritis, can lead to tissue damage. The bones of a joint are covered with a smooth, spongy material called cartilage, which cushions the bones and allows the joint to move without pain. The joint is lined by the synovium. The synovium’s lining produces a slippery fluid — called synovial fluid — that nourishes the joint and helps limit friction within. External to it is a strong fibrous casing called the joint capsule.
Strong bands of tissue, called ligaments, connect the bones and help keep the joint stable. Muscles and tendons also support the joints and enable you to move. With arthritis, an area in or around a joint becomes inflamed, causing pain, stiffness and, sometimes, difficulty moving. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis. This is the most common type of arthritis. It occurs when the cartilage covering the end of the bones gradually wears away.
Without the protection of the cartilage, the bones begin to rub against each other and the resulting friction leads to pain and swelling. For this reason, osteoarthritis is sometimes called degenerative joint disease. The inflammation then spreads to the surrounding tissues, and can eventually damage cartilage and bone. The excess uric acid forms needle-like crystals in the joints that cause marked inflammation with swelling and severe pain. Different types of arthritis have different symptoms and the symptoms vary in severity from person to person.