Juvenile idiopathic arthritis ravelli arthritis, What is juvenile arthritis? Australia’s health 2016 is the AIHW’s 15th biennial report on the health of Australians. Reserve these dates in your diary now!
Enter the email address where you would like the PDF emailed. Juvenile arthritis includes several different kinds of arthritis occurring in children, causing significant pain, disability and restrictions in school and other activities. Children with juvenile arthritis are mostly affected in just one or a few joints. Some children are also affected in areas other than joints such as the eyes, skin or other body tissues. If not properly treated, juvenile arthritis can affect a child’s growth and development, causing joint damage, growth abnormalities and permanent disability. The impact of juvenile arthritis varies from child to child, and even from day to day in the same child. Joint stiffness and pain may be mild one day but the next day so severe that the child has difficulty moving or is unable to move at all.
Typically juvenile arthritis has an unpredictable pattern of activity, where periods without symptoms are followed by a sudden reappearance of signs and symptoms known as ‘flare-ups’. How many children have juvenile arthritis? The number of cases of juvenile arthritis is difficult to estimate because is it an uncommon condition. The treatment used for juvenile arthritis varies according to the type of disease. Children with severe cases sometimes need to be hospitalised. Juvenile arthritis is more common in girls than boys . 16 hospitalisation rates for juvenile arthritis increased from 14 to 30 per 100,000 population.
16, a total of 4,747 procedures and other interventions were provided for children aged 0 to 15 years with the principal diagnosis of juvenile arthritis. Over the last 10 years the administration of pharmacotherapy as a procedure for juvenile arthritis has increased by nearly 4 times. The increase was greater in girls than boys. Medical devices can be used to restrict movement in the arm, leg or spine. Splints may be worn to protect damaged joints and to minimise further damage. Aside from taking medications, there are other strategies that can be used to manage pain during procedures and everyday life.
These may include relaxation, deep breathing, distraction from pain, and education regarding strategies for dealing with and thinking about pain. Medications can be injected directly into the joint. These medications are usually corticosteroids, which are anti-inflammatory drugs that slow down the accumulation of cells that cause inflammation. This procedure collects fluid from the joint to determine if there is infection. Alternatively, it can be used to drain a swollen joint to relieve pain and improve mobility. This procedure replaces damaged joint structures with artificial components. Since 2003, the availability of bDMARDs has broadened the treatment options for juvenile arthritis .
Children with juvenile arthritis and their families can be severely affected by the treatment and limitations resulting from juvenile arthritis. Children with severe juvenile arthritis can have a lower health-related quality of life, with the disability and pain affecting their physical and social wellbeing . These children may also exhibit emotional difficulties and a delay of psychological development leading to low self-esteem, a distorted self-image, and more anxiety and depression than their peers . In some cases, caring for a child with juvenile arthritis may place considerable demands on parents and carers. They may experience financial hardship and psychological distress compared to parents with children without the condition . A snapshot of juvenile arthritis, January 2013. Lundberg V, Lindh V, Eriksson C et al.
Health-related quality of life in girls and boys with juvenile idiopathic arthritis: self and parent reports in cross-sectional study. Bomba M, Meini A, Molinaro A et al. Body experiences, emotional competence, and psychosocial functioning in juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Bouaddi I, Rostom S, Badri DE et al. Impact of juvenile idiopathic arthritis on schooling. My child has arthritis: A practical guide for parents. April KT, Cavallo S, Feldman DE et al.