Chronic inflammatory rheumatoid arthritis

Researchers suspect gut bacteria as a possible cause of chronic inflammatory rheumatoid arthritis arthritis. Learn about RA treatment, medications, and diet. Click Like, and we’ll send the latest first aid and health features to your News Feed.

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The joint damage is caused by inflammation of the joint lining tissue. If the inflammation is not slowed or stopped, it can permanently damage the affected joints and other tissues. Rheumatoid arthritis, however, is an autoimmune disease. This means that the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the tissues it is supposed to protect. Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common form of autoimmune, inflammatory arthritis in adults. It can also affect children.

The immune system in rheumatoid arthritis is misdirected and produces specialized cells and chemicals that are released into the bloodstream and attack body tissues. Inflammation of the synovium is called synovitis and is the hallmark of an inflammatory arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis. As the synovitis expands inside and outside of the joint, it can damage the bone and cartilage of the joint and the surrounding tissues, such as ligaments, tendons, nerves, and blood vessels. This leads to deformity and loss of function. The symptoms often lead to significant discomfort and disability.