Learn more about big arthritis in big toe joint arthritis. What are the symptoms, causes, risk and recovery?
Learn more on joint sparing and destruction procedures. Please leave this field empty. What Is A Big Toe Joint Arthritis? Arthritis of the big toe joint is condition where the cartilage of the big toe joint becomes eroded, leading to limitation of motion and eventually rigidity. The big toe joint becomes painful, enlarged and inflamed. Patients with arthritis of the big toe joint have varying degrees of symptoms depending on the extent of the arthritis. The pain may be deep and sharp to superficial and achy.
The top of the joint can become enlarged, and this is often referred to as dorsal bunion. Irritation from shoe gear can cause redness and swelling. Motion of the joint becomes limited as time progresses, leading to very limited ability to flex the toe. The two most common causes of arthritis of the big toe joint are biomechanical and traumatic arthritis. Gouty arthritis is more common cause of arthritis in the big toe joint.
Traumatic arthritis occurs after the joint is injured, leading to further degeneration. Fractures that involve the joint have a high incidence of future arthritis. Injury to the cartilage can also spark the degeneration process. Sprain and strains have been known to also lead to joint degeneration. Shoe gear can also play a role in arthritis development. Arthritis usually develops slowly over time, with periodic flare ups until a critical point is reached resulting in ongoing pain and discomfort. Anti-inflammatory medication is useful to significantly reduce pain and inflammation.
A physical therapist may perform ultrasound and other techniques to reduce inflammation. You will also be instructed how to stretch your foot and leg properly. Keeping the joint mobile may preserve function. Pads with cutouts say off-weight specific areas of concern. In the case of the big toe joint arthritis a stiff forefoot extension may be helpful in reducing symptoms by preventing motion. A intra-articular cortisone injection is a powerful anti-inflammatory medication that is used to rapidly reduce the pain associated with an arthritic joint. A sparing procedure allows for continued motion with the joint surgically modified or cleaned up of the arthritis to alleviate pain and increase motion.